When you are in the market to buy a GPS device, you should know that there are certain factors that can help you decide which one would be best for your needs.
First, it’s necessary to understand what type of activities will require GPS technology. This will help you understand which device is most appropriate for your needs.
Second, it’s important to consider the amount of time that you’ll spend using the device. If it’s just an occasional tool or if you’ll be carrying it with you all day long, then select a lightweight model that is small and easy to carry.
If this is not an occasional tool but rather something that will be relied upon heavily, then choose a more robust model with better battery life and superior performance capabilities.
However, here we will dig down and find how to choose the best gps unit for tow truck drivers.
How to Find the Best gps unit for tow truck drivers
GPS is a device that helps you find your location. There are different types of GPS devices available in the market. Some of them are made for outdoor activities, some for marine activities, and some for sports.
You need a GPS to locate yourself when you’re hiking or fishing, but there are other reasons that you might want to use it while traveling or even while going about your daily life. A smartphone with the GPS app preinstalled is one of the most common options.
However, it can be expensive because it needs to be paid for every month along with data plans and fees from other apps downloaded on your phone.
However, if you are looking for the best this general guide will help you a lot, no doubt.
GPS is a set of instruments that use satellites to provide navigation, which includes the GPS tracker.
GPS receivers provide location and navigation information to users. Some receivers offer an integrated map and information service for their users while others do not.
Unlike the GPS devices that only report latitude and longitude, some GPS devices also give you information like grid reference, altitude, and distance.
This is especially useful for people who are hiking because it can help them determine their location on top of a hill or mountain.
Some GPS devices like the Garmin Edge 820 also include a digital map feature that can be zoomed in to show you where you are on the map.
On Screen GPS Mapping
In general, the size of GPS maps is too small. The scale of a map is not always accurate and it can be hard to read. This happens due to the fact that most GPS devices are designed for cars and not for pedestrians.
The introduction introduces a topic related to how GPS devices can be difficult to use in some cases because they don’t provide adequate information on their maps.
Consider the battery life of your GPS
GPS devices don’t last forever. But if you ask around, you might find a battery that lasts over a couple of years.
Battery life is a significant factor when choosing a new GPS device – many people would rather purchase a cheaper model with the intention of buying the same brand again soon, but this may come at the cost of more frequent replacements.
When considering battery life, it’s best to look at how long your device will last on one charge and how often it’s likely to need recharging.
The Build Quality of your GPS you are Looking for
Gps technology has improved significantly in recent times. Gone are the days when we used to come across low-quality gps devices that were difficult to use and unreliable. Today, GPS manufacturers offer high-quality devices with advanced features at competitive price points.
The build quality of the device you buy is very important so that you do not have to replace it frequently or spend a lot of time on repairs, which is why it’s important to know how to find the best GPS device for your needs.
A magnetic compass is a tool that helps human beings to find their way in the direction of the north. In fact, it is one of the earliest inventions that helped people to navigate in a different environment.
Magnetic compasses were used among ancient civilizations, including the Chinese and Indian cultures. They were used to measure and maintain a calendar system along with other complicated tasks.
While today we have better navigation tools such as GPS, there are still some occasions when you need to use a compass. If you are interested in finding out how to find your way using a compass or what kind of device you should get, this article will help you out and make sure your gps unit for tow truck drivers
Unit size vs screen size of the GPS
Before making a purchase decision, consumers should consider both the size of the unit and the screen size.
Many buyers choose the 10 inch screen device for its convenience and because it can be easily pocketed or clipped on a belt or a pocket.
When you plan to hike a mountain trail, you need a GPS device. One of the questions people ask is what type of GPS should they purchase? Size is one factor that must be taken into account when deciding which GPS to buy because not all devices have the same dimensions.
Nowadays, people are more likely to get lost with the introduction of new places and changes in roads. A GPS device can help you find your way back home, but it also comes with some advanced features like an e-book reader, camera, etc. Some of us are discussing below.
When it comes to finding the best GPS device, it is important to be aware of your needs. The barometer is a useful feature for a GPS of any action.
The function of a barometer is to measure changes in air pressure at different altitudes. It is also used in weather forecasting when predicting weather patterns, such as low-pressure systems or fronts.
The electric compass needs the power of the same material that powers your device to work. It can be powered by a battery or an external power source like a USB or solar panel.
The magnetic needle is made of iron and because it is magnetized, this iron will always point north. The needle itself measures 3 cm long and 1 cm wide. It uses size 2 lithium batteries which can last up to 10 hours in total.
It’s not necessary for the electric compass to be paired with a GPS device – you can use it independently because it can measure the distance traveled accurately without help from other devices.
Wireless Transmission System
Consider using a GPS device that doesn’t require wireless transmission. These devices use a cellular signal instead of Wi-Fi or Bluetooth. You will be able to see your location on a map and get directions without worrying about not being able to connect to wireless transmitters.
This device is best for people who don’t have enough data or need an affordable option for navigation. Other options may also be worth considering, depending on your needs and budget.
The USGS map is the best option because it offers great resolution and it is fully up-to-date.
The GPS device you choose will depend on your needs. If you are looking for a device that can provide you with turn-by-turn navigation, then go for one that has built in maps. For those who are looking for something more basic, then they should go for one that comes with an SD card slot.
You don’t want to buy the wrong GPS unit! Make sure to read reviews or ask people who have got experience with these devices before buying one because they may be able to provide valuable information about the product.
Third party maps and software compatibility
GPS devices are an important part of our lives and we want to make sure we have the right device for the job. When you’re buying a new GPS device, you need to consider things such as software compatibility, Third Party maps, and data tracking.
It is important to not just look at compatibility with your current apps but also those that might be available in the future. Software compatibility is better than ever and it has become easier to switch software providers on your existing device.
There are many things you should consider when choosing a GPS device: what features will it offer, how much does it cost and what is the battery life?
If you want clear, accurate directions with no hassle then choose a GPS device with built-in maps such as TomTom or Garmin. These navigation systems incorporate features that allow users to easily create their desired route while ensuring that the driver stays on track.
Memory and waypoint capacity
The better memory device offers more information and waypoints and memory translates into battery life as well as increased performance on the go.
The heavier a GPS device is, the more expensive it usually becomes. This is because heavier devices often come with more advanced features such as topographic maps or satellite imagery that need to be maintained at all times.
If you have been searching for a GPS device that works well, you should definitely check out the features of a geocaching GPS.
Outdoor enthusiasts and local treasure hunters have been using geocaching GPS devices to find their lost treasures since 2003. Geocaches are constantly on the lookout for new geocaches.
If you’re looking to join in on the fun, you can start with this list of best-selling geocaching GPS devices.
Digital camera with GPS
Many people today use cameras with GPS to keep track of their traveling and outdoor activities and this is because the modern camera these days can be used as a GPS device.
The best model for a digital camera that has GPS capabilities would be the Sony Alpha A6500. It is an excellent digital camera that has features like 4K video, wide angle lens, and more.
Satellite Messenger Capability
A satellite messenger capability is a feature offered by most modern GPS devices which provides an additional layer of security.
Satellite messenger capability can be used in both personal and professional settings. For example, if you are traveling to a foreign country where the local language is not spoken, you can hire an AI writing assistant to find the best GPS device for you.
Ease of use of the GPS
If you plan on using the GPS constantly, then it matters less what kind of device you get as long as it has navigation capabilities and accuracy.
With the increasing popularity of GPS devices and apps, there is a need for more and better ways of tracking and this is where the technology of GPS devices comes into play.
The GPS device you choose should be able to provide accurate location data, fast speed reading, and detailed map information. Choose a GPS device that has a powerful battery with a long-lasting storage capacity.
Navigation Point to Point
The navigation point to point is a simple and reliable way of navigating, but it is not the fastest option. It uses a GPS device that you place on the dashboard of your car and then provides directions through map data.
If you’re willing to spend more money, then you can get a device that has built-in voice commands or even one that’s connected to Apple CarPlay or Android Auto and a navigation point-to-point system.
Some GPS device offers some useful accessories. So check the accessories of your desire model.
GPS systems are the most widely used navigation devices for getting your location. They are also known as auxiliary antennas because they use satellites to get your location.
The main benefit of these devices is that they can provide accurate and continuous positioning anywhere in the world. They can also be used in remote areas where other navigation services like GSM or cellular signals cannot reach.
Mounts and Cases
Some device provides mounts and cases also. They are useful.
An important factor to consider in a GPS watch is whether it has a mount and a case for it. Some watches do not offer the ability to choose between two different types of mounts or cases.
A mount can be very fragile and may not be able to withstand the rugged terrain, whereas a case can protect the watch against shocks and falls.
A GPS watch can either come with just one type of mount or case or both types, depending on the model that you choose. There are many styles of mounts and cases available in today’s market. These include straps, loops, clips, belts, tethers, and brackets – each with its own pros and cons.
Top 10 best gps unit for tow truck drivers
Here are the top 10 gps unit for tow truck drivers we picked and recommend.
1. Garmin dezl OTR700, 7-inch GPS Truck Navigator, Easy-to-Read Touchscreen Display, Custom Truck Routing and Load-to-Dock Guidance, 7 Inch
- Large, easy-to-read 7” touchscreen offers a bright, crisp, high-resolution display
- Get custom truck routing (Not available in all areas) based on the size and weight of your truck, and see alerts for upcoming bridge heights, sharp curves and more
- View truck-friendly parking information along your route
- Preloaded Truck & Trailer Services directory allows you to filter truck stops by brand or amenities
- Industry-best load-to-dock guidance shows potential loading zones or storage lots when approaching your destination
- See popular routes used by fellow truckers to navigate new areas and increase situational awareness
- The voice assistant allows you to talk to the dēzl navigator while keeping your hands on the wheel
- Works with Garmin eLog compliant ELD (sold separately) for subscription-free Hours of Service Recording (You must pair the Garmin eLog with the Garmin eLog app on a smartphone or tablet to complete your ELD compliance solution)
2. Garmin eTrex 10 Worldwide Handheld GPS Navigator
- Rugged handheld navigator with preloaded worldwide basemap and 2.2 inch monochrome display
- WAAS enabled GPS receiver with HotFix and GLONASS support for fast positioning and a reliable signal
- Waterproof to IPX7 standards for protection against splashes, rain, etc.
- Support for paperless geocaching and Garmin spine mounting accessories. Power with two AA batteries for up to 20 hours of use (best with Polaroid AA batteries)
- See high and low elevation points or store waypoints along a track (start, finish and high/low altitude) to estimate time and distance between points
3. ComfiLife Gel Enhanced Seat Cushion – Non-Slip Orthopedic Gel & Memory Foam Coccyx Cushion for Tailbone Pain – Office Chair Car Seat Cushion – Scia
- Most Comfortable Gel Memory Foam Cushion On The Market – ComfiLife’s all-in-one features are unrivaled: Non-slip rubber bottom, built-in handle for easy transport and machine-washable zippered velour cover for easy cleaning. The ComfiLife Coccyx Cushion is the best gel memory foam seat cushion on the market made of premium quality durable memory foam with cool off gel layer on top for superior comfort
- Supports Tailbone and Relieves Pressure – Ergonomically designed seat cushion provides maximum support and comfort while reducing pressure on the coccyx / tailbone and promotes healthy posture
- Provides Lower Back Pain & Sciatica Relief, Great for Office Use, Driving & Traveling – Supports recovery from lower back problems, herniated discs, tailbone injuries, sciatica and other spinal issues. Great for office, home, travel, car seat or wheelchair use. Machine-washable zippered velour cover for easy cleaning and built-in handle for easy transport
- Our Customers Love ComfiLife Cushion – “I have already recommended this to all my office mates that sit all day, as well. I love it, and some advice…Lock it up after you use it, or I guarantee one of your sneaky cube mates will swipe it!” “This has saved my life as one with lower back pain due to pinched nerve roots” “I have herniated discs and sciatica for many years, this cushion allowed me to drive cross state with little to no pain”
- Lifetime Warranty – ComfiLife is trusted by millions of happy customers around the world. Your complete satisfaction is our top priority. If you’re not 100% satisfied, we offer a Lifetime Money Back or Replacement Guarantee with no questions asked
4. Rand McNally TND 750 7-inch GPS Truck Navigator, Easy-to-Read Display, Custom Truck Routing and Rand Navigation 2.0
- TND 750 is a sixth-generation TND truck GPS
- Featuring a sleek new design inside and out
5. Garmin DriveSmart 65, Built-In Voice-Controlled GPS Navigator with 6.95” High-Res Display
- Easy to use 6.95” GPS navigator
- Simple menus and bright, easy to see maps
- Garmin Traffic suggests alternate routes. Backup camera compatible-yes (BC 30 or BC 40)
- Voice activated and ability to pair with a compatible smartphone for hands free calling
- HISTORY network of notable historic sites and U.S national parks directory
- Built in Wi-Fi connectivity for map and software updates without a computer
6. 9 inch GPS Navigation for Truck Car, GPS for Truck Drivers Commercial, RV Trucker GPS Navigation System for Trucks, Free Lifetime Map Updates, Spok
- 【Free Lifetime Map Updates】Preinstalled with the detailed 2021 latest maps of North America with free lifetime updates, include USA Canada Mexico Maps. If you would like to update the latest map(or EU,UK, Ireland, Australia, etc), please contact us ,Get the latest map by connecting LOVPOI GPS Navigator to the Windows pc, or use an external TF Card for map update (if the system is not compatible with Mac ).
- 【9 inch BIG Screen】LOVPOI Trucker GPS navigation system with 2D / 3D navigation maps, the display was clear and accurate. The professional GPS navigator with bright 9 inch large Touch Screen for truck drivers is easy to use clear and sensitive, resolution 800 x 480.
- 【Advanced GPS navigator】LOVPOI Truck GPS navigator Customized truck route for the size and weight of your truck, Plus alerts for upcoming bridge heights, weight limits. intelligent voice Alerts for dangerous curves, speed changes, speed cameras, railroad crossings, animal crossings, traffic lights. And support Multiple Vehicle Modes, including Car, Truck (include Truck Commercial/semi Truck), RV (Motorhome), Ambulance, Bus and Taxi.
- 【BEST NAVIGATION 】You can Choose from a selection of over 40 languages voices that will Spoken turn by turn Directions, so you don’t have to look on the GPS screen all the time. FM Amplify volume function（NO radio）: it can transmit the navigation audio into the audio of car, increase the volume of navigation broadcast to make it clearer. It makes your driving safer, reduce fatigue driving, away from the ticket, Just Enjoy Your Driving.
- 【LOVPOI SUPPORT】LOVPOI established professional technician team in the United States , supply regular maps upgrades , and provide answers to any questions asked. *Note: after receiving GPS navigation, please use the car charger to fully charge then use. If the satellite signal can not be searched, it may be because of the reason at home, please search the signal in outdoors again.
7. ZOLEO Satellite Communicator – Two-Way Global SMS Text Messenger & Email, Emergency SOS Alerting, Check-in & GPS Location – Android iOS Smartph
- 🌎ZOLEO GLOBAL TWO-WAY SATELLITE COMMUNICATOR: Rugged, GPS location-aware and Iridium satellite based, the ZOLEO device links with the free ZOLEO app on your smartphone or tablet to keep you connected when outside cell coverage. Monthly subscription required: $20, $35 or $50 (25, 250 or unlimited satellite messages) with cellular, Wi-Fi and SOS messaging included. After the initial 3-month commitment, suspend for just $4/mo. Plans currently available in USA, Canada, Australia, but work globally.
- ✉️GLOBAL MESSAGING AS IT WAS MEANT TO BE: Only ZOLEO extends your messaging coverage to everywhere on earth transmitting over the lowest cost network available (satellite, cellular or Wi-Fi). ZOLEO offers a familiar text messaging experience to and from any SMS text number, email address or another ZOLEO app user. By taking advantage of cellular or Wi-Fi when available and the Iridium network (a truly global satellite network) when it isn’t, only ZOLEO offers seamless coverage wherever you go!
- 📲DEDICATED SMS PHONE NUMBER & EMAIL ADDRESS: Your ZOLEO device includes a dedicated US SMS text number and email address that you can share with contacts that you want to remain accessible to, and that they’ll recognize when you message them. Contacts can send messages directly to your SMS number, email address or via the free ZOLEO app. It’s that simple!
- 🆘EMERGENCY SOS & MORE: If something goes wrong, declaring an SOS ensures your SOS alert and GPS coordinates are sent to GEOS, our 24/7 emergency monitoring and dispatch partner. Other safety features include check-in to let others know you’re OK (using built-in device button or the ZOLEO app) and the ability to add your GPS coordinates to any message. Location Share+ (add-on at $6/mo) allows for automatic location sharing at a selected interval including a breadcrumb trail viewable in a map.
- 💪RUGGED AND BUILT TO WORK FOR DAYS: Long-lasting battery life – 200+ hours or 8+ days checking messages every 12 minutes (Lithium-ion battery). Lightweight (5.3 oz) and compact (3.58 x 2.6 x 1.06 in), the ZOLEO device is rugged with MIL-STD 810G shock-resistance, and superior dust- and water- resistance (IP68). Power input – Micro-USB Type B with a charging time of 2 hours. Operating temperature – -4°F to 131°F.
8. GPS Navigation for Car Truck Drivers Xgody 7-inch Navigation Systems for Car with Voice Guidance and Speed Camera Warning 2021 Americas Maps Free L
- 🚙【Accurate GPS Navigation Signal】 This Truck GPS System is based on offline navigation, which must work based on the active GPS signal. The built-in GPS chip works without a network, so you don’t have to rely on your phones and cellular connectivity and the phone is free to use.🚗Note: If the satellite signal can not be searched, it may be because of the reason at home, please search the GPS Navigation signal outdoors again.
- 🚛【Lifetime Map Updated for Free】 Xgody 7-inch Navigation Systems has pre-installed with the 2020 latest North America Map, including USA Canada Mexico Maps, which has 2D / 3D map display. If you need to update the latest Map, please contact us to download it. (Downloadable but not pre-installed maps: Europe, UK, Ireland, Australia, and so on)
- 🚌【7inch GPS Navigator for Car Truck】7-inch, high-resolution touchscreen with a high resolution of 800 x 480 pixels, 8 GB MEMORY 256 MB RAM. The truck GPS navigation system has plenty of room for you to storage the maps and materials, and also comes with Car Charger, USB Cable, Back Bracket, Suction Cup Mount, Sunshade. Even It is Also Clearly Visible in the Sun, High Definition, Making Driving Safer.
- 🚕【GPS Navigation Helps You Avoid Danger】Car GPS Navigation System has a Voice Steering System (multilingual Version). Receiving Upcoming Sharp Turn Alerts, Speed Limit Reminders and Height Limit Reminders, Red Light, and High-Speed Camera Voice Notification. And Customized truck routing for the size and weight of your truck, avoiding the roads which have width restrictions or height restriction or weight restriction.
- 🚙【After-sales Service】：🚗 Note: Trucker GPS Navigation maintenance: after receiving it, please use the car charger to fully charge then use. XGODY 7 inch GPS Navigator supplies regular maps upgrades and any question inquiry. Our company established a professional technician team to solve various problems for our customers. If You Have Any Questions About This Product, Please Contact Us Via Amazon. We will reply to You within 24 Hours.
9. LandAirSea 54 GPS Tracker, – USA Manufactured, Waterproof Magnet Mount. Full Global Coverage. 4G LTE Real-Time Tracking for Vehicle, Asset, Fleet,
- Personal GPS for reliable tracking of people, vehicles, and/or assets
- Ultra-compact design | 100% Waterproof | Built-in Super Strength Magnet
- Attaches to vehicle | Fits in small pockets | Discretely hide in a backpack, case or purse
- Track & map (with Google Maps) in realtime on web-based software or SilverCloud App
- Text & email alerts | Geofencing | Vehicle Tracking | Location Reporting | Historical Playback
10. Tracki (2021) Mini GPS Tracker Magnetic. Monthly fee Required. Full USA &Worldwide Coverage. for Vehicles, Car, Kids, Elderly, Child, Dogs & Motor
- Unlimited distance real time tracking. Monthly fee is required. Full USA & all countries worldwide coverage. International SIM card included. We are USA based company focused in GPS tracking. Our competition are just white label resellers. Our client is Vodafone a top cellular company. Track Vehicles, Cars, trucks, Children, dogs, elderly, motorcycle, ATV, boat, equipment, tools, assets, valuables. Monthly fee of 19.95USD is required or as low as 9.95USD (more details in the big paragraph)
- Tracki is super small (1.75×1.5×0.55in) and super light (1.26 oz). Comes with embedded built in SIM card included and works worldwide. Included attachments: Strong magnet, Dog collar water resistant silicone cover, Belt clip, Key-chain, lanyard. 5 years history. We believe customer is King and provide live 7 days a week phone advisors.
- Rechargeable battery life is up to 5 days (the more it moves the lesser the days) tracking real time every 1-5 minutes. If real time tracking is not needed, battery lasts 30-75 days tracking 1-3 times per day (using battery save mode). Optional accessory (not included ASIN B07YVNV82V) comes with 6 times longer life 3,500mAh battery + magnetic waterproof box, extends battery life to 2 weeks at 1 min update and up to 10 months tracking once a day
- Works with GPS satellites when outdoors as primary tracking technology and when indoors Wi-Fi as a secondary backup tracking. Tracki listens to nearby Wi-Fi routers MAC ID, matching IDs to Wi-Fi database for accurate location when GPS is not available. See the tracking live on the map including compatible with Google Street view. Get real-time alerts when the tracker crosses a Geo-fence zone you set. Receive SOS, low battery, speeding, start moving alerts via App notification, SMS or email
- Lifetime warranty including lost or damaged device. Tracki is cutting-edge & easy to set up working out-of-the-box within a few minutes. Tracki comes included with highly rated smart phone Apps compatible with: Android, iOS and all Internet browsers. Monthly fee of 9.95USD-19.95USD is required.
Uses of GPS: What are GPS systems used for?
The Global Positioning System (GPS) which is a satellite system was originally created for the military by the United States Department of Defense. Today, GPS is used for many civilian applications such as telling users where they are and how to get to their destinations.
GPS uses in aviation can be used for a variety of purposes. First off, GPS units are used to provide position information to the pilots as well as ground control stations. In addition, they are also used to monitor and control ground vehicles and aircraft.
The use of GPS for tracking vehicles has been used for years as a surveillance measure. It was first introduced as a way to track stolen cars. The police would put the receiver antennae on top of buildings, trees or other high places and watch which cars passed by and how long they stayed there. Then they would focus their investigation on those people who were guilty by seeing which car had been stolen.
GPS proves to be much more useful than just tracking cars because it can also be used to find your way back after getting lost in unfamiliar territory, locate specific addresses and so on.
This system is used in Outdoor activities like hiking, hunting, fishing, and stuff as it allows us to identify our location, destination and also helps us find the shortest route to get from one place to another. In addition, it’s a very handy device when we are lost or in need of help.
In the military, google maps and other navigational devices may be difficult to use. This is because they may not function in combat zones or when a commander needs to quickly change the location of a group.
The GPS system has been used in a wide variety of contexts by military organizations, such as for guiding drones and for providing navigation guidance.
In the automotive industry, the use of GPS has been very beneficial. One of such benefits is that it can improve vehicle safety because it provides directions and other important information to drivers. It also helps navigation by displaying a map on a car’s screen and providing driving instructions to lead users to their destination.
Location Tracking for Pets
Gps uses in location tracking for pets to find and locate their owners and other family members.
This is a new and innovative way of using the Gps while not just focusing on using it to track vehicles. This is a more secure way of finding your loved ones while you’re away, and if you have a pet, this will be the best way to find them when you need them or if they go missing.
The use of GPS has had a huge impact on the world of surveying. This technology is used to measure the distance traveled with precision and accuracy. This has allowed for more accurate calculations of distances, which was an issue before GPS technology came into play.
Global Positioning Satellites (GPS) have been used for a variety of purposes. Its uses include location-based services, navigation, remote sensing, and surveying.
GPS receivers are useful in telecommunication services for providing accurate timing information to synchronize clocks within a region.
They also help in locating people and objects, estimating the traffic conditions, and improving the productivity of workers in the field.
Public Safety and Relief Work
The use of GPS in public safety and relief work is growing.
GPS enables us to locate natural disasters, predict crime, predict the spread of disease, and predict the place where accidents are most likely to happen. These predictions can be used to enhance public safety and relief work.
Law Enforcement Application
Law enforcement officers are using technology to track their suspects. GPS is used in law enforcement to track down criminals, help search for missing persons, and monitor parolees. GPS can be used for this because it helps locate the exact location of the person being monitored.
There are many ways to save money when it comes to GPS. One of the best ways is by choosing a cheap GPS device.
A GPS device can be an excellent investment for those who travel a lot and want a cheaper alternative to expensive car rentals or hotels.
While a gps unit for tow truck drivers can still give you accurate directions and generally help you navigate your way, it may also provide you with settings, locations, and information that make the difference between life and death.